Havana, Cuba in Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea

PHOTO CREDIT: John F. Kennedy Library. Public Domain. Hemingway and his family, 1935.

“The successful fishermen of that day were already in and had butchered their marlin out and carried them laid full length across two planks, with two men staggering at the end of each plank, to the fish house where they waited for the ice truck to carry them to the market in Havana.”1

Ernest Hemingway’s The Old https://www.viagrasansordonnancefr.com/viagra-generique/ Man and the Sea actually takes place in an unknown, smaller city, but Havana serves as the local fishermen’s market. An earnest story about determination, struggle, and pride, Hemingway’s journalistic tone paints a portrait of a fisherman whose successful days of fishing have passed with his younger years. Despite a grim future for the old man he sets his sights further into the https://www.viagrasansordonnancefr.com/viagra-en-pharmacie/

Gulf Stream to remedy his eighty-four day, fishless dry spell. He remains resolute: ignoring the jeers of younger fishermen and the pitying frowns of his peers, Santiago’s vision never wavers. His ‘cheerful and undefeated’ eyes carry him out to sea where he battles the elements, hunger, fatigue, and dehydration. But above all the battle lies in his own heart and self-confidence as the journey drags him to an apparent ultimatum between satiating his goal, dying in the attempt, or living the remainder of his life defeated.

Havana attracts both heavy trade and international tourism. Early in its settlement history, Havana became one of the most important ports for Spanish international trade. Recognized for its security under the protection of the Spanish fleet, many traders came to the port seeking protection from pirates and raiders

as they traveled between Cuba and Spain. Due to its profitability, rapidly advancing society, and reputation of luxury, the city was dubbed ‘Paris of the Antilles’ and quickly became the capitol of Cuba.

Habana_CC2.0_GabrielRodriguez This photo is licensed under the the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

From 1915-1930, Havana drew more tourists than any other Caribbean location. Hemingway was among those to frequent Cuba. In 1939 he made it his place of residence until 1960. With the revolution of 1959, implementation of the communist model greatly harmed Havana’s industry and heightened economic world standing. When the Soviet Union collapsed, the impact hit even harder. The communist government has since turned back toward tourism for economic growth, successfully attracting over one million visitors per year.

Read more about Havana on Wikipedia. Find The Old Man and the Sea at a local library, an independent bookstore, or on Amazon.

1Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner, 1952. Print.

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